The legal and regulatory requirements for health and safety There are numerous guiding legislation’s for health and safety.
The Workplace (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations Act 1992 – requires all employers and their employees at work to maintain a safe and healthy working environment.
The Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981 – This requires every employer to provide First Aid equipment and facilities according to circumstances in order for First Aid to be administrated. Staff should be aware who is the First Aider and the location of the First Aid kit, if you require any further information please contact either St Johns Ambulance or Red Cross.
Blood Borne Pathogen (BPP) – are micro-organisms such as viruses that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. BBP are not in every bodily fluid but we must always assume they are in order to be safe.
During the process of advanced beauty treatments such as – micro pigmentation, pigment inserted into the skin using needles, hence the risk of blood borne infections such as Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV are evident in the same way as from body piercing and tattooing.
HIV attacks your body’s ability to protect itself against disease and causes AIDS.
Hepatitis B virus reproduces in the liver causing inflammation and possibly cirrhosis or liver cancer. The Hep B virus can live outside the body for at least 7 days, and longer.
90% of adults who contract the Hep B virus can clear it from their system within a few months and develop immunity, 10% become chronic with the virus staying in the blood infecting liver cells.
There is a vaccine available and given in 3 doses over a period of 6 months. It is safe and effective. Booster doses of Hep B virus vaccine are not recommended as immune memory remains indefinitely following immunisation. Hepatitis B is the most serious of all the Hep viruses (A,B,C,D,E)
You may be at an increased risk if you are exposed to blood and bodily fluids. GET VACCINATED.
Hep C virus reproduces in the liver causing inflammation and possibly liver cancer.
This is usually spread through illegal drug use, transfusions and sometimes tattoos, currently there is no cure or vaccination
The Electricity at Work Regulations Act 1992 – states all electrical equipment should be checked by a qualified electrician annually to make sure it is safe.
This act is concerned with safety while using electricity. Any electrical equipment used must be checked regularly to ensure that it is safe. These checks should be listed in a record book and would be important evidence in any legal action that may arise. Broken or damaged equipment or equipment with exposed wires should not be used. Cracked sockets should also not be used and sockets should never be overloaded.
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations
(RIDDOR) 1995 – states the steps that should be followed if an accident occurs at work of if someone occurs an injury.
Minor accidents should be entered into a record book, stating what occurred and what action was taken.
It is important that all concerned should sign. If as a result of an accident at work anyone is off work for more than 3 days, or someone is seriously injured, or has a type of occupational disease certified by the doctor, or even dies, a report should be sent to the local authority Environmental Health Department as soon as possible.
The Employers Liability (Compulsory Insurance) Act 1969 – states all employers and self-employed persons must hold liability insurance.
Employers must take out insurance policies in case of claims by employees for injury, disease or illness related to the workplace.
A certificate must be displayed at work to show that the employer has the insurance.
Environmental Protection Act – waste regulations – states all waste chemicals must be disposed of safely and anybody using hazardous substances must ensure that disposal of them (by a licensed company) does not cause harm to the environment or landfill site.
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 1994 – instructs of ways substances deemed as hazardous to health should be stored. It is a requirement that all employees should be made aware of risks and given appropriate training. Detailed instructions must be kept regarding any products considered hazardous.
Examples of some COSHH symbols to inform the user of the potential hazards
Consumer Protection Act 1987 – this act aims to safeguard any consumer against products, which do not reach a reasonable level of safety.
Any person injured by a product can take action against the producer, importer or an own brander.
The Local Government Act 1982 – Bylaws are laws made by your local council. Workplace bylaws are primarily concerned with hygiene and different councils around the country have different ones.
The Act states a person may not carry out their practice unless registered by the local authority and premises have to be registered to carry out treatments. This only applies to businesses which practice beauty treatments such as ear piercing, electrical epilation, acupuncture etc.