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MEDICAL CONDITIONS OF THE EYE

 

BLEPHARITIS:

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

This relatively common eye problem causes inflammation around the rim of the eyelids, generally where the eyelashes grow. The results can be that the eyelids become red, swollen, crusty, sore and itchy. Both eyes are usually affected, although the condition is not generally considered serious. The condition is not contagious although it is chronic, meaning that people with it tend to experience it periodically.

Key symptoms to look out for:

  • Both eyes affected
  • Sore, itchy eyelids
  • Eyelids may look inflamed, red or swollen
  • Discharge in the eyes may be experienced and eyes may stick together after periods of sleep
  • Depending on the type, small flakes of dandruff-like skin may appear on the eyelids

WHAT CAUSES BLEPHARITIS?

The exact cause of blepharitis is unclear, however factors often associated with the condition include bacterial infections, dermatitis and rosacea.

HOW IS IT TREATED?

There is no cure for blepharitis, with symptoms tending to recur periodically without treatment. Conducting effective eyelid hygiene is the most important way to prevent the condition reoccurring. Applying warmth to the area, cleansing and massaging the eyelids after cleansing are common methods used. In extreme cases in which the eyelids become infected, G.P’s may prescribe antibiotic ointments or drops.

WHICH EYELASH TREATMENTS ARE SUITABLE?

Although the condition is not contagious, if a client has blepharitis its unlikely that their eyelids will be in a suitable condition for an eyelash treatment. People with it are prone to repeated episodes, plus wearing lashes could cause a flare up of the condition. For this reason never preform a treatment on a client with blepharitis.

CONTRAINDICATION SUMMARY:

Blepharitis is a total contraindication.

 

CATARACTS:

 

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS?

Cataracts are the leading cause of impaired vision worldwide. The condition is characterised by cloudy patches that appear in the lens of the eye. It is these patches that can make vision blurry or misty. Not all people experience blurred vision, however, other symptoms can include difficulties in managing changes in light contrasts and adjusting to the glare from bright lights.

WHAT CAUSES CATARACTS?

Cataracts can affect anyone, however it is more common in older people, with age being the leading cause for the condition. As well as age, factors which can increase the risk of developing a cataract are smoking, a family history of cataract, poor diet, obesity, over-exposure of the eyes to sunlight, long term use of steroid medicines, significant alcohol consumption and other health conditions such as diabetes.

HOW IS IT TREATED?

Whilst controversial, it is thought that certain nutrients can reduce the risk of cataracts. Vitamin E and C, certain carotenoids and omega-3 fatty acids are thought to be effective. In terms of treatment, surgery is the only treatment and is generally very successful. Statistics indicate that approximately 9 out of 10 people regain very good vision after cataract surgery. The procedure often involves removing the clouded lens and replacing it with a clear, plastic lens.

WHICH EYELASH TREATMENTS ARE SUITABLE?

Clients who have cataracts can have any eyelash treatments done. However, if they are on prescribed medication such as eye drops, approval from a medical professional should be requested before performing any treatment. If the client has had surgery for cataracts, eyelash treatments are possible once they are declared fully healed by a medical professional.

CONTRAINDICATION SUMMARY:

Cataracts are a restrictive contraindication.

 

CONJUNCTIVITIS:

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

This common eye condition is characterised by inflammation, redness and sometimes itchiness around the conjunctiva. The eyes also water excessively.

WHAT CAUSES CONJUNCTIVITIS?

The condition can have a number of causes, including bacterial or viral infections, allergies to pollen or dust mites, or coming into contact with irritants such are chlorinated water or shampoo.

HOW IS IT TREATED?

There are various forms of conjunctivitis. The duration of the condition and treatments required therefore vary. Bacterial is the most common form of conjunctivitis and often clears up without treatment within a few days – severe instances antibiotics may be required. Viral conjunctivitis, often associated with the common cold, can take weeks to resolve.

WHICH EYELASH TREATMENTS ARE SUITABLE?

Conjunctivitis can be a highly contagious condition and therefore you should not perform an eyelash treatment on a client with it. Once it has cleared up, they can return for a treatment. We recommend waiting a period of at least 1 month to ensure the condition is no longer present.

CONTRAINDICATION SUMMARY:

Any contagious disease is a total contraindication.

 

DRY EYE SYNDROME

 

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

There are two forms of dry eye syndrome: wet and dry. The ‘wet’ version is when the eyes produce too many reflex tears to compensate for the lack of tears. With this people can experience blurred vision and heavy watering of the eyes. The ‘dry’ version is when the eyes dry out, causing dryness and irritation. The conditions and its symptoms can vary dramatically in their severity.

WHAT CAUSES DRY EYE SYNDROME?

The condition is caused when the tear film that keeps the eye moist and lubricated does not function properly, causing the eyes to either dry out or water excessively. The condition can affect anyone, but becomes more common with increasing age. Other causes can include blepharitis, medications, illness, increased evaporation of tears and also damaged eyes or eyelids.

HOW IS IT TREATED?

There is no cure for dry eye syndrome, however the condition can abate if the factors causing the condition are changed – for instance, changing medication. Mild cases can be treated with eye lubricants or gels. For long term conditions, anti-inflammatory treatments such as corticosteroid eye drops can be used to treat inflammation around the eye. Surgery can be used for severe cases.

WHICH EYELASH TREATMENTS ARE SUITABLE?

Clients with the wet form of the condition are not suitable for eyelash treatments as their results would not last long. This is because the adhesive would be continually flushed with reflex tears or eye drops.

Clients with the dry form of the condition may be suitable for treatments. An evaluation of the severity of the condition is required. If the client repeatedly needs to apply eye drops, this would make any lash treatment inadvisable because the solution can make the lashes moist and cause the adhesive to be less effective.

CONTRAINDICATIONS SUMMARY:

“Wet” form of dry eye syndrome = total contraindication

“Dry” form of dry eye syndrome = restrictive contraindication.

 

EYELASH & EYEBROW LICE:

 

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Crab lice are parasitic insects that can infect the whole body, including eyelashes.  They are not dangerous, however, they are contagious.  Someone with an infection may experience sudden itchiness around the eyelid margin, feeling ill or tired, conjunctivitis, redness around the eyes, and potentially have irritated spots from lice bites around their eyes.

WHAT ARE EYELASH LICE?

Eyelash lice are considered to be a manifestation of a pubic louse infestation.  These are generally spread due to sexual activity between individuals.

HOW ARE THEY TREATED?

Due to their position around the eyes, the treatment for eyelash lice involves physically removing the lice with fine tweezers.  Antibiotics are sometimes prescribed.

WHICH EYELASH TREATMENTS ARE SUITABLE?

You should not treat any clients with lice due to the risks of contagion.  Once the client has been treated and lice are no longer present, they can have eyelash treatments.

CONTRAINDICATIONS SUMMARY:

Lice are a total contraindication

 

GLAUCOMA:

 

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that can affect vision.  The condition usually affects both eyes.  On average, about 1 in 50 people aged over 40, and 1 in 10 people over 75 years of age have glaucoma.

WHAT CAUSES GLAUCOMA?

Glaucoma occurs when the drainage tubes in the eye become blocked, causing problems with eye fluid drainage.  This causes pressure to build, which in turn can damage the optic nerve and nerve fibres in the retina.

HOW IS IT TREATED?

Some forms of glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, laser treatment or surgery.  Early treatment can be effective but if left undiagnosed, damage and vision impairment can occur.

WHICH EYELASH TREATMENTS ARE SUITABLE?

Approval from a medical professional should be sought before treating clients with glaucoma, the exception being strip lashes which can be applied.  If the client has had recent laser treatment or surgery, their eyes should be fully healed from the surgery before having any treatment.

CONTRAINDICATIONS SUMMARY:

Prospa Lashes, Express and Lash Lift – glaucoma is a restrictive contraindication, Strip lashes – no contraindictation

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