Muscles of The Face

The facial muscles are just under the skins subcutaneous muscle they control facial expressions.

They generally originate from the surface of the skull bone (rarely the facia) and insert on the skin of the face.

An understanding of the forehead, eyebrow and eyelid anatomy is essential when doing any facial beauty treatments, as these separate units inter-relate with each other, making it critical to understand where these muscles are situated as well as their functions to perform any successful treatment because they will affect the way in which you prepare for different treatments.

Eyebrow position is achieved by a balance of muscles which surround the brow and eye area – FrontalisTemporalisOrbicularis oculiCorrugator supercilia and Procerus in order to achieve symmetry.

Lip position is achieved b a balance of muscles which surround the mouth area – Orbicularis orisBuccinatorRisoriusDepressor Labii inferioris and Depressor anguli oris

Cheek position is achieved by a balance of muscles on each side of the face – Zygomaticus,MasseterLevator labii superioris and Platysma.

 

 

Muscle name Location Action
Frontalis Forehead Raises the eyebrows and wrinkles the forehead
Corrugator Between the eyebrows Draws the eyebrows down and together into a frown
Orbicularis oculi A circular muscle around the eyes Closes the eye
Risorius A triangular muscle that extends diagonally from the masseter muscle to the corner of the mouth Draws the corners of the mouth out and up into a smile
Buccinator Inside the cheeks. It is attached to the upper and lower jaws Compresses the cheeks
Zygomaticus (major and minor) Extends diagonally from the zygomatic to the corners of the mouth Lifts the corners of the mouth up and back into a smile
Procerus Between the eyebrows on the bridge of the nose Draws the eyebows inwards and wrinkles the bridge of the nose
Nasalis Front of the nose and around the nostrils Opens and closes the nostrils
Levator labii Around the upper lip Raises and draws back the upper lips and nostrils
Levator anguli Extends from the upper jaw to the corner of the mouth Elevates the angle of the mouth
Depressor labii Around the lower lip Pulls down the lower lip to one side
Depressor anguli Extends from the lower jaw to the corner of the mouth Depresses the angle of the mouth
Orbicularis oris A circular muscle around the mouth Closes the mouth
Triangularsis Extends over the chin from the corner of the lower lip Draws the corners of the mouth down
Masseter A flattened muscle which extends zygomatic arch to the mandible Raises the jaw to exert pressure when chewing
Mentalis Front of the chin Raises the lower lip and wrinkles the chin

 

Platysma Sides of neck and chin Draws the corners of the  mouth down and back
Sterno-cledio-mastoid Lies across each side of the neck. Runs from the sternum to the clavicle and temporal bone Rotates the head and flexes the neck
Occipitals The back of the head Draws the scalp backwards
Splenius capitis A posterior muscle that extends from the spine to the temporal bone and occipital bone Extends the head and neck
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